Contoh Materi


Contoh Notice/ Warning

Do not  leave any valuables in lockers
The security officers will not be held responsible for any losses
The security officers will not be held responsible for any losses

1.What is the aim of the text  ?
A.     To remind people that they are responsible for the safety of their valuable.
B.  To tell people  to leave their valuables in the valuable lockers.C.  To inform people where the can find the lockers.D.  To explain what the lockers are for.                                     
 What does the text mean ?a. You are not supposed to put the garbage in the dustbinb. You are not allowed to put the garbage properly.c. You are not allowed to throw the garbage everywhere.d. You are not supposed to clean the garbage in the city  


         Daging Empuk Rasa Udang
Ingredients :
500 gr beef                                             
 30 ml tamarind water 1 onion                                                                   
250 ml beef stock 1 teaspoon shrimp paste                                            500 coconut milk ½ red chili pepper                                                     1 teaspoon sugar 1 teaspoon coriander (ground)                                  salt to taste ½ teaspoon turmeric                                                  oil for frying
Preparation :            Place the beef in enough water to cover and boil until tender (about 1 hour). Remove from stock and slice after cooling. Chop the onion and fry with the shrimp paste. Add chilli, pepper, coriander, turmeric, tamarind, sugar and salt. Sauté for a further ½ minute. Then add the beef and stock. Cover pan and simmer for a further 5 minutes. Uncover pan and add the coconut milk. Continue cooking until the  sauce thickens. Can be served on its own or with rice.

1. How much sugar do we need according the recipe ?     
a.½ teaspoon                  b. 2 teaspoon             c.1 teaspoon              d. 2 spoon
2. Why does the writer write this text ?                               
a. To explain the ingredients of the food         b. To describe the taste of daging empuk rasa udang
3. What is the main ingredients of this food a. Beef                          b. tamarind                c.Turmeric                 d. coriander
4. These are the materials for making daging empuk rasa udang, expect …   a. Salt                            b. orange                   c.Oil                          d. sugar
5. What is  the most expensive ingredients ?  a. Beef                          b. salt                         c.Coconut                  d. onion 

Example 1

   My Football Experience

When I was in junior high school, I really loved
football. Every Saturday afternoon I practised in
school  field with my team and my coach. They were
strong and smart players. My coach, Mr Wasito was
a kind person. But, while he was coaching us, he was
very discipline. He would grounded anyone who
came late and not obeyed the team’s rules.

With Mr Wasito, our team won many tournament
in many big cities. Our team named after our school,
Raji Team (from MTs Raji) and we had many fans too,
you know. Ohh, that was so cool. Now, I still love
football and have a team too. But, my parents warn
me to pay attention more to my study, football just for

  1. Where was the writer practice playing football ?
  2. How did the writer’s team ?
  3. What was the team’s name ?

Example 2

       My Memorable Holiday

I want to tell you about my memorable time in Singapore. It was one of the best holdays I ever had.
I will never forget the spectacular view of the city I saw from Mount Fable that night. The roller coaster ride and the stunts performed by dolphins and a killer whale at Sea World were also exciting. I will remember the thrill of having been on one of the longest rides in the monorail in Sentosa Island for many years to come. I also enjoyed various seafood at the Makeshift roadside stalls at the Chinatown night market.
I also enjoyed the shopping trips. My family and friends agreed that the souvenirs were value for money, especially the silk scarves with pretty pattern and the attractive key chains.

Example 3

   Great Moment on Lawu

​Last weekend, my friends and I went camping in the mountain Lawu. We reached the camping ground as we walked for about a half hour from the parking lot. We built the camp next to the rocks and trees. It was getting dark and cold enveloped us, so we built a bonfire. The next day, we spent our time observing plantation and insects while the girls were preparing food for lunch together. In the afternoon we went to the river and catch a fish for dinner. At night, we held a bonfire night. We sing, dance, read poetry, comedy, having fun, playing magic tricks, and even some of us do stand up comedy and highly entertaining us all to laugh. On Monday, we packed our bags and got ready to go home, respectively.

 1.   What did the writer and his friends do on Mount Lawu?
A. Hiking                                                                     
C. Camping
B. Walking                                                                 
D. Out bound
2.   Why did they build a bonfire?
A. Warm and dark                                                   
C. Cool and dark
B. Cold and dark                                                       
D. Fresh and dark
3.   At night, we held a bonfire night. The underlined word has meaning…….
A. Camp fire                                                              
C. Firework
B. Tent fire                                                                 
D. Fire fighter
4. Who did observing plantation and insects?
A. The writer and all his friends                       
C. The girls
B. The writer                                                              
D. The boys

Example Report Text / Natural Disaster

Example 1

Tsunami is a Japanese word for sea….(1).. generated by an undersea earthquake, landslide, or eruption.

            Most Tsunamis happen along the River of Fire. …( 2 )….. is a zone of volcanoes and seismic activity. The zone encircles the Pacific  Ocean.
            Historically, Tsunamis have caused much  destruction and death. Since 1819, about  40 Tsunamis have struck the Hawaiian islands and since 1883, about 20 Tunamis have struck Indonesia. The last one …(.3 ) on December 26, 2004, which caused over 100,000 deaths
            A Tsunami can have a width of 100 to 200 km and may spread far across the deep ocean. The speed is as fast as a jet plane. When the wave reaches land it can be very high, about 15 m or more
a. wind                                        
b. wave
c. climate                                    
d. season
a. It                                         
b. They
c. She                                     
d. He
a. is                             

Example 2

 A natural disaster is a terrible accident, e.g. a great flood, a big fire or an earthquake. It usually causes great suffering and loss of a large sum of money. The casualties are injured or died. Some people are homeless and need medical care.
Floods occur when the water of rivers, lakes, or streams overflow their banks and pour onto the surrounding land. Floods are caused by many different things. Often heavy rainstorms that last for a brief can cause a flood. But not all heavy storms are followed by flooding. If the surrounding land is flat and can absorb the water, no flooding will occur. If, however, the land is hard and rocky, heavy rain cannot be absorbed. Where the banks are low, a river may overflow and flood adjacent lowland.In many part of the world flood are caused by tropical storms called hurricanes or typhoons. They bring destructive winds of high speed, torrents of rain, and flooding. When a flood occurs, the destruction to surrounding land can be severe. Whole villages and towns are sometimes swept away by water pouring swiftly over the land. Railroad track blocked and uprooted from their beds. Highways are washed away.
When a building caught fire, the firemen pitched in to help battle the blaze. Before the pumps were invented, people formed bucket brigades to fight fires. Standing side by side, they formed a human chain from the fire to nearby well or river. They passed buckets of water from to hand to be poured on the flames.
The damage of the fire did depend a great deal on where it happened. In the country or a small village, only a single house might burn down. But in crowded cities, fire often destroyed whole blocks and neighborhoods before being controlled.
1. What can possibly prevent rivers and lakes from overflowing?
a. An absorbent bed.
b. A rocky surrounding.
c. A low land.
d. A high bank.
e. A high road.

2. We know from the text that . . . .
a. River can sweep heavy flood
b. People can make money from flood
c. The destruction by flood is always less severe
d. Water flood is absorbed by land
e. Typhoons caused heavy flood

3. We know from the text that . . . .
a. The pump is the only tool used by fire fighters now
b. The pump helps people to fight fires more efficiently
c. Fires in big cities are always very big
d. People no longer use buckets to control file
e. Only firemen can control fires in crowded cities

Haze is traditionally an atmospheric phenomenon where dust, smoke and other dry particles obscure the clarity of the sky. The World Meteorological Organization manual of codes includes a classification of horizontal obscuration into categories of fogice fogsteam fogmist, haze, smokevolcanic ashdustsand and snow.[1] Sources for haze particles include farming (ploughing in dry weather), traffic, industry, and wildfires.
Seen from a far (e.g. approaching airplane) and depending upon the direction of view with respect to the sun, haze may appear brownish or bluish, while mist tends to be bluish-grey. Whereas haze often is thought of as a phenomenon of dry air, mist formation is a phenomenon of humid air. However, haze particles may act as condensation nuclei for the subsequent formation of mist droplets; such forms of haze are known as "wet haze."
The term "haze", in meteorological literature, generally is used to denote visibility-reducing aerosols of the wet type. Such aerosols commonly arise from complex chemical reactions that occur as sulfur dioxide gases emitted during combustion are converted into small droplets of sulphuric acid. The reactions are enhanced in the presence of sunlight, high relative humidity, and stagnant air flow. A small component of wet haze aerosols appear to be derived from compounds released by trees, such as terpenes. For all these reasons, wet haze tends to be primarily a warm-season phenomenon. Large areas of haze covering many thousands of kilometers may be produced under favorable conditions each summer.

1.There are many causes of obscuring the clarity of the sky except:
c.Dry particles

2.In order to know the color of haze we should read :
a.The first paragraph
b.The second paragraph
c.The third paragraph
d.The last sentence

3.… of view of the respect of the sun  (par 2). The underlined word has the same meaning as the word…
A wildfire or wildland fire is a fire in an area of combustible vegetation that occurs in the countryside or rural area.[1] Depending on the type of vegetation where it occurs, a wildfire can also be classified more specifically as a brush fire, bush fire, desert fire, forest fire, grass fire, hill fire, peat fire, vegetation fire, or veld fire.[2] Fossil charcoal indicates that wildfires began soon after the appearance of terrestrial plants 420 million years ago.[3] Wildfire’s occurrence throughout the history of terrestrial life invites conjecture that fire must have had pronounced evolutionary effects on most ecosystems' flora and fauna.[4] Earth is an intrinsically flammable planet owing to its cover of carbon-rich vegetation, seasonally dry climates, atmospheric oxygen, and widespread lightning and volcano ignitions.[4]
Wildfires can be characterized in terms of the cause of ignition, their physical properties, the combustible material present, and the effect of weather on the fire.[5] Wildfires can cause damage to property and human life, but they have many beneficial effects on native vegetation, animals, and ecosystems that have evolved with fire.[6][7] Many plant species depend on the effects of fire for growth and reproduction.[8] However, wildfire in ecosystems where wildfire is uncommon or where non-native vegetation has encroached may have negative ecological effects.[5] Wildfire behaviour and severity result from the combination of factors such as available fuels, physical setting, and weather.[9][10][11] Analyses of historical meteorological data and national fire records in western North America show the primacy of climate in driving large regional fires via wet periods that create substantial fuels or drought and warming that extend conducive fire weather.[12]
Strategies of wildfire prevention, detection, and suppression have varied over the years.[13] One common and inexpensive technique is controlled burning: permitting or even igniting smaller fires to minimize the amount of flammable material available for a potential wildfire.[14][15] Vegetation may be burned periodically to maintain high species diversity and frequent burning of surface fuels limits fuel accumulation.[16][17] Wildland fire use is the cheapest and most ecologically appropriate policy for many forests.[18] Fuels may also be removed by logging, but fuels treatments and thinning have no effect on severe fire behavior.[19] Wildfire itself is reportedly "the most effective treatment for reducing a fire's rate of spread, fireline intensity, flame length, and heat per unit of area" according to Jan Van Wagtendonk, a biologist at the Yellowstone Field Station.[20] Building codes in fire-prone areas typically require that structures be built of flame-resistant materials and a defensible space be maintained by clearing flammable materials within a prescribed distance from the structure.[21][22]
Soil erosion is the displacement of upper layer of soil. one form of soil degradation. The erosion of soil is a naturally occurring process on all land. The agents of soil erosion are water and wind, each contributing a significant amount of soil loss each year. Soil erosion may be a slow process that continues relatively unnoticed, or it may occur at an alarming rate causing a serious loss of topsoil. The loss of soil from farmland may be reflected in reduced crop production potential, lower surface water quality and damaged drainage networks.
While erosion is a natural process, human activities have increased by 10–40 times the rate at which erosion is occurring globally. Excessive (or accelerated) erosion causes both "on-site" and "off-site" problems. On-site impacts include decreases in agricultural productivity and (on natural landscapesecological collapse, both because of loss of the nutrient-rich upper soil layers. In some cases, the eventual end result is desertification. Off-site effects include sedimentation of waterways and eutrophication of water bodies, as well as sediment-related damage to roads and houses. Water and wind erosion are the two primary causes of land degradation; combined, they are responsible for about 84% of the global extent of degraded land, making excessive erosion one of the most significant environmental problems worldwide.[1][2]

Intensive agriculturedeforestationroads, anthropogenic climate change and urban sprawl are amongst the most significant human activities in regard to their effect on stimulating erosion.[3] However, there are many prevention and remediation practices that can curtail or limit erosion of vulnerable soils.

Drought is a state of shortage of water supply in an area in which a prolonged period (several months to years). These events typically occur if a region is continuously subjected to rainfall below average. Prolonged drought will cause drought because groundwater reserves will be depleted by evaporation (evaporation), transpiration, or other uses by humans.
Drought can be a natural disaster when it causes a region decreases its  sources of income due to disruption in agriculture and ecosystems caused. Economic and ecological impact of the drought is a process that drought restrictions in each field may vary. However, a brief but intense droughts can also cause significant damage.
The UN calculates that every year an area of ​​fertile land territory of Ukraine is lost due to drought, deforestation, and climate irregularity.]
A result that can be caused by drought in demographics are mass migration, as happened in the Horn of Africa and the Sahel.
Haze / smog, an adaptation of the English term smog (smoke and fog), is a case of severe air pollution that can occur days to months.

Under the weather conditions that prevented the circulation of air, smog can cover an area in a long time, as is the case in London, Los Angeles, Athens, Beijing, Hong Kong or the Ruhr Area and continues to accumulate and lead to harm.

The word "smog" is an abbreviation of "smoke" and "fog", although the subsequent development of smog do not have to have one component of fog or smoke. Smog is also often associated with air pollution.

The term "smog" was first proposed by Dr. Henry Antoine Des Voeux in 1950 in his scientific work "Fog and Smoke" in a meeting at the Public Health Congress. On 26 July 2005, the London newspaper, the Daily Graphic quoted the terms "[H] e said it required no science to see that there was something produced in great Cities which was not found in the country, and that was smoky fog, or what was known as 'smog.' "(Dr. Henry Antoine Des Voeux states that are not needed scientific knowledge whatsoever to detect the presence of something that has been produced in a big city but is not found in the township, the" smoky fog "(haze is smoke), or also called smog (smog).). The next day the newspaper back proclaiming "Dr. Des Voeux did a public service in coining a new word for the London fog "(Dr. Des Voeux stints community service by introducing new terms, smog).

There are two major types of smog. Photochemical smog, as is the case in Los Angeles, and smog Industries such as in London.
photochemical smog

The main cause of photochemical smog is the pollutant nitrogen oxides and hydrocarbons. Nitrogen oxides come from vehicles while the hydrocarbons derived from various sources. Both the pollution substances undergo photochemical reactions to form ozone
Industrial smog

Smog is going on in London after the industrial revolution which resulted in massive pollution from burning coal. This combustion produces a mixture of smoke and sulfur dioxide.

The volcano also caused an abundance of sulfur dioxide in the air, producing volcanic smog, or vog (vulcanic smog, volcanic smog).

Example Descriptive Text

One of the most admired tennis players of the world is Pete Sampras. Before he retired in 2003, he won two Australian Open titles, and the Davis Cup for his country, the USA. He has an easy-going personality, but as a sport man, he was very competitive and determined.

His solid serve won him many Grand Slam titles as well as the admiration of his fans. For the German player Boris Becker, triple Wimbledon champion, Sampras was the best player ever. Pete Sampras was born on August 12th , 2071, in Washington DC. He was the third son of two Greek immigrants. He started to play tennis at a very young age after he discovered a tennis racket in the basement of his house. He spent hours hitting the ball against the wall. He became a professional in 1988 when he was only eighteen and it took him two years to reach the World Top 10.

He won his first Grand Slam title at the US Open in 1990. He beat Andre Agassi, Ivan Lendl and John Mc Enroe. He was the youngest tennis player ever to win the US Open Men’s title.Sampras’ only weakness was playing on clay. Because of this, he never won the fourth Grand Slam title, the French Open at Roland Garros. He once said, “ I never wanted to be a great guy or an interesting guy. I wanted to be the guy who won titles.” His ambition and his competitive style won him the respect and admiration of his rivals on the court and his fans all over the world.

1. Why did Pete Sampras never win the French Open at Rolland Garros?
a. He was still a young tennis player at that time.
b. He was very weak when playing in French.
c. He was not good at playing tennis on clay.
d. He never wanted to be an interesting guy.

2.  What does the third paragraph tell you about ?
a. The US Open Men’s title where Ivan Lendl beat Sampras.
b. Andre Agassi whom he beat easily in the US Open.
c.  John Mc Enroe who became the youngest winner.
d.  Sampras' weakness

The Sydney Opera House is a multi-venue 
performing arts center in Sydney, Australia. It is one of the 20th century's most famous and distinctive buildings.Designed by Danish architect JørnUtzon, the building was formally opened on 20 October 1973. .
The building and its surrounds occupy the whole of 
Bennelong Point in Sydney Harbor, between Sydney Cove and Farm Cove. The building is adjacent to the Sydney central business district and the Royal Botanic Gardens, and close by the Sydney Harbor Bridge.
Though its name suggests a single venue, the building comprises multiple performance venues which together are among the busiest performing arts centers. The venues host over 1,500 performances annually. The performances are attended by more than 1.2 million people. The performances are presented by numerous performing artists, including four resident companies: 
Opera AustraliaThe Australian Ballet, the Sydney Theatre Company and the Sydney Symphony Orchestra. As one of the most popular visitor attractions in Australia, more than eight million people visit the site annually, and approximately 350,000 visitors take a guided tour of the building each year.

1. What is the text about?
A.    Sydney Opera House.
B.     Sydney Residents.
C.     Sydney Harbor.
D.    Sydney City.

2. Which part of the building is the busiest venue?
A.    The front office.
B.     The shopping center.
C.     The performing art centers.
D.    The surrounding of the building.

3. If a person wants to know more about the building, he will likely….
A.    attend a performance by the resident companies
B.     ask for help from the Sydney Opera House Trust
C.     visit the Sydney central business district
D.    take a guided tour around the building

4. “Though its name suggests a single venue, ….” (Par.3)
       The underlined word refers to….
A.    the Sydney Opera House
B.     the Sydney Harbor Bridge
C.     the Royal Botanic Gardens
D.    the Sydney central business district

Venice is a city in northern Italy. It has been known as the “Queen of the Adriatic”, “City of Bridges”, and “The City of Light”. The city stretches across 117 small islands in the marshy Venetian Lagoon along the Adriatic Sea in northeast Italy. Venice is world famous for its canals. It is built on an archipelago of 117 islands formed by about 150 canals in a shallow lagoon. The islands on which the city is built are connected by about 400 bridges. In the old centre, the canals serve the function of roads, and every form of transport is on water or on foot. You can ride gondola there. It is the classical Venetian boat which nowadays is mostly used for tourists, or weddings, funerals, or other ceremonies. Now, most Venetians travel by motorised waterbuses which ply regular routes along the major canals and between the city’s islands. The city has many private boats. The only gondolas still in common use by Venetians are the Traghetti, foot passenger ferries crossing the Grand Canal at certain points without bridges. Adapted from: http://www.wikipedia.com19 

1.   What does the text tell you about?
A. Gondola.
B. Traghetti.
C. Venice.
D. Italy

2. What transport crosses the Grand Canal for foot passengers at certain points without bridges?
A. Gondolas.
B. Traghetti.
C. Waterbuses.
D. Lagoon.

On Saturday, 20th April 2003, Aron Ralston went climbing in the Utah National Park USA. He did not tell his friends or family and he took no mobile phone at all. Later, there was a terrible accident. An enormous rock trapped Aron’s arm. He was there for six days. He could not sleep at night because it was very cold. He did not drink any fresh water, and there was not any food to eat. Besides, he did not see any people. Fortunately, Aron was safe. On the sixth day he escaped. He amputated his trapped arm with a small knife. Then he walked six miles. Finally a helicopter saw and rescued him. Aron wrote a book about his experience. Now he climbs with an artificial arm.

1. What did Aron do On Saturday 20th April 2003?
A. He went to USA to visit his         family
B. He rescued someone with a helicopter.
C. He climbed in the Utah National Park.
D. He amputed his trapped arm with a knife

2. Aron could not drink and eat at that time because … .
A. his drink and food was gone on his way
B. he was not able to go anywhere
C. the weather around him was very cold
D. he did not tell anybody about his activity

3. What is the second paragraph of the text about?
A. What Aron did to make him sleep well.
B. Why Aron wrote his terrible experience.
C. How Aron escaped from the accident.
D. What happened to the helicopter.

4. “Now he climbs with an artificial arm.” What does the underlined word mean?
A. Mobile.
B. Official.
C. Natural.
D. Man-made.

This is my favorite artist. Her full name is Robin Rihanna Fenty. She is a famous singer in the world. She was born on 20 February 1988 in Saint Michael, Barbados.
Rihanna has small family. There are 5 people in her family. They are her father, mother, and 2 siblings. Her father’s name is Ronald. Her mother is Monica Fenty. Her siblings are Rorrey and Rajad.
Rihanna likes modelling. She has ever won modelling contest, Miss Combermere. She also loves fashion style. Her hair style changes quite often. Sometimes she performs with curly hair. But, in another chance she appears in straight hair with different colour.
Rihanna is a very success RnB singer. She has won many awards such as Grammy Award and American Music Award. Her songs are known well through the world; Only Girl (In the World), What’s My Name?, Unfaithful, Umbrella, Love the Way You Lie, for instance.

 1. What often changes in Rihanna’s appearance?
A. Her name.
B. The family.
C. Her hair style.
D. Her music genre.

2. “They are her father, mother, and 2 siblings.” (Paragraph 2) The underlined word refers to …. 
A. small family
B. five people
C. her father and mother
D. two siblings

 Victoria Falls is one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World and the major waterfall on the Zambezi River in Africa. It is famous for being the largest waterfall in the world in the wet season. The African people who live around the falls call it Mosi-oa-Tunya which means "smoke that thunders". The water makes a roaring noise as it falls over the cliff and down into the Zambezi River below. A cloud of water vapor is always seen around the falls.

1.  How is Victoria Falls in the wet season?
A. It is one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World.
B.  It is famous for being the largest waterfall in the world.
C.  It is the major waterfall on the Zambezi River in Africa.
D.  It makes a roaring noise as it falls over the cliff and down.

2. What might travelers do after reading the text?
A. They will not care about it.
B. They won’t go to that place.
C.They likely want to visit it soon.
D. They likely won’t have any programme

3. “It is famous for being the largest waterfall in the world, in the wet season”.
What does the underlined word refer to?
A. The world.
B. Victoria Falls.
C. The Zambezi River.
​D. The Seven Natural Wonders. 





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